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The total weight of materials on board the vessel that varies little from one voyage to another, including the weight of engine spares, spare propeller, spare anchor, spare tailshaft, stores, provisions, crew's effects, lubricating oil and fresh water. (A 20, 000 dwt bulk carrier may have a constant weight of 350 tonnes or more. ) It is routinely determined at the start of draught surveys. It is sometimes called the dead weight constant.

Surveys required by law, i. e. (for a UK ship) by Act of Parliament or regulations made under an Act. They generally lead to the issue or endorsement of a statutory certificate. Class surveys are not a statutory requirement, although class surveyors often carry out statutory surveys under the authority of a flag State.

The Special Compensation P&I Clause, a supplementary clause to LOF 2011, 2000 and 1995 agreements that provides for an alternative method of assessing Special Compensation to the method prescribed by Article 14 of the International Convention on Salvage, 1989.

He should follow the average adjuster's advice, which will normally be to obtain Average Bonds and Guarantees on all sound cargo being discharged after the general average act, and to accumulate evidence required for the adjustment. The adjuster will make an estimate of the total value of the loss or damage and advise the shipowner of the rate of contribution required from each party.


(1) To establish an international framework involving cooperation between Contracting Governments, Government agencies, local administrations and the shipping and port industries to detect security threats and take preventive measures against security incidents affecting ships or port facilities used in international trade; 


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